Quality of Society's Life Gauged by Care of Disabled, Says Pope
"Rights Cannot Be Only the Prerogative of the Healthy"
of a community is measured by the care given to the weakest, especially
the disabled, says John Paul II.
The Pope expressed this conviction in a message sent to the participants
of the international Symposium on the Dignity of the Person with Mental
Handicaps, being held in the
The three-day symposium, an initiative of the Congregation for the
Doctrine of the Faith, is taking place at the conclusion of the European
Year of Disabled Persons ( http://www.eypd2003.org/eypd/index.jsp ).
The Holy Father begins his message by outlining the Christian view of the
situation. The "disabled person, even when wounded in the mind or in his
sensorial and intellective capacities, is a fully human individual, with
the sacred and inalienable rights proper to every creature," he writes.
"The human being, in fact, regardless of the conditions in which he lives
his life and the capacities that he might manifest, possesses a unique
dignity and singular value starting from the beginning of his existence
until the moment of natural death," the lengthy message says.
"The person of the disabled, with all his limitations and sufferings,
compels us to question ourselves with respect and wisdom on the mystery of
man," the Pope continues. "The more we penetrate the dark and unknown
areas of human reality, the more we understand that precisely in the most
difficult and disquieting situations the dignity and grandeur of the human
"The wounded humanity of the handicapped challenges us to acknowledge,
accept and promote in each one of these brothers of ours the incomparable
value of the human being created by God," the papal text explains.
"The quality of life within a community is measured, to a large extent, by
commitment in the care of the weakest and the neediest, and by respect for
their dignity as men and women," the Pope adds.
"The world of rights cannot be only the prerogative of the healthy," he
writes. "The participation must be facilitated of the disabled person, to
the degree possible, in the life of society and he must be helped to
develop all his potential in the physical, psychic and spiritual order."
"A society that would only make room for fully functional members,
completely autonomous and independent, would not be a society worthy of
the human being," he says categorically.
"Discrimination in virtue of efficiency is no less to be condemned than
that in virtue of race or sex or religion," the Pontiff explains.
At the same time, John Paul II states that there is "a subtle form of
discrimination in the policies and educational projects that try to hide
or deny the deficiencies of the handicapped person, proposing styles of
life and objectives that do not correspond to their reality and in the end
are frustrating and unjust."
"The recognition of rights must be followed, therefore, by the sincere
commitment of all to create concrete conditions of life, support
structures and juridical guarantees capable of responding to the needs and
the dynamics of growth of the handicapped person and those who share his
situation, beginning with his relatives," the papal document exhorts.
"People with mental handicap perhaps have greater need of care, affection,
understanding and love," John Paul II adds. "They cannot be left alone,
defenseless or unprotected, in the difficult task of facing life."